Update 77, Solving Cosmic Enigmas: Dark Energy and Dark Matter Reexamined


A recent study published in the journal Classical and Quantum Gravity by Lucas Lombriser, a professor of theoretical physics at the University of Geneva, proposes a novel and potentially controversial rethinking of the cosmos. Lombriser’s work challenges the notion of the universe’s expansion and offers solutions to two enigmatic phenomena, dark energy, and dark matter, which together make up approximately 95% of the universe’s energy and matter.

1. The Universe’s Expanding Mirage: A Fresh Interpretation

The widely accepted understanding of the universe’s expansion is based on the concept of redshift, where light emitted by objects moving away from us is stretched to longer wavelengths, primarily towards the red end of the spectrum. Distant galaxies exhibit higher redshifts, indicating their motion away from Earth. However, recent evidence suggests that the expansion of the universe is not constant but is rather accelerating. This acceleration is attributed to the cosmological constant, also known as lambda, which has posed a significant challenge to cosmologists due to its vast discrepancy between predicted values from particle physics and observed values.

In Lombriser’s novel approach, the universe is not expanding but is instead depicted as flat and static, in line with Einstein’s original belief. He explains that the observed effects pointing to expansion can be explained by the changing masses of particles, such as protons and electrons, over time. These particles originate from a field that permeates space-time, with the field’s mass determining the cosmological constant. As this field fluctuates, particle masses also fluctuate, giving rise to variations in the cosmological constant over time. In this interpretation, the expansion of the universe is not the cause of the cosmological constant’s variation.

2. A Resolution for Dark Matter and Dark Energy

The study’s new framework not only challenges the concept of the universe’s expansion but also offers solutions to two significant cosmic mysteries: dark matter and dark energy.

2.1 The Nature of Dark Matter: A Role for Field Fluctuations

Dark matter, an elusive invisible substance, constitutes approximately 80% of the universe’s mass. It has long puzzled scientists due to its lack of interaction with light. Lombriser’s study suggests that the field fluctuations, introduced in his reinterpretation, could behave as axion fields, potentially explaining dark matter as hypothetical axion particles. This connection between field fluctuations and dark matter presents a promising avenue for understanding this enigmatic phenomenon.

2.2 Challenging the Concept of Dark Energy

Dark energy, a hypothetical force believed to drive galaxies apart at an accelerating rate, is another unresolved mystery in cosmology. Lombriser’s model offers an alternative explanation, suggesting that the effects commonly attributed to dark energy can be accounted for by the evolution of particle masses at later stages of the universe’s history. In this view, dark energy may not be necessary to explain these observations.

3. Praise and Cautious Considerations

Luz Ángela García, a post-doctoral researcher at the Universidad ECCI in Bogotá, Colombia, praised Lombriser’s study for its innovative and comprehensive approach to various cosmological problems. She acknowledged that the theory could potentially resolve existing tensions in cosmology.

However, García also emphasized the need for caution in interpreting the findings, as certain elements of Lombriser’s theoretical model might not be testable through observations, at least in the near future.


Lucas Lombriser’s study presents a radical and intriguing new perspective on the cosmos. By challenging the concept of the universe’s expansion and offering alternative explanations for dark energy and dark matter, the study opens up exciting possibilities for future cosmological research. As with any groundbreaking work, further scrutiny and research will be essential to validate and refine these intriguing proposals.

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